Authors: Geoff Luck, Petri Toiviainen, Marc R. Thompson
Publication: Music Perception
Publication volume & date: September 2010, Vol. 28, No. 1
Abridged Summary: In this study, Luck, Toiviainen, and Thompson took a look at how performers perceive a conductor’s emotion. They used a technique called “point-light representation” to simulate a conductor’s movements and asked participants to use a slider to evaluate the performance on “perceived valence, activity, power, and overall expression.”
From abstract: Higher levels of expressivity were found to be conveyed by gestures characterized by increased amplitude, greater variance, and higher speed of movement.